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Minnesota Open Carry: Laws, Requirements, Application & Online Training

The state of Minnesota has long been a proponent of Second Amendment rights, allowing its citizens to possess, conceal carry, and open carry firearms. However, like any other state, there are specific regulations and laws governing the use and possession of firearms to ensure public safety. In this article, we will explore Minnesota’s open carry laws, the requirements for obtaining a permit, and the places where open carry is allowed or prohibited.


Minnesota, known for its strong support of the Second Amendment, allows its citizens to exercise their right to bear arms. Both residents and non-residents can apply for a permit to carry, enabling them to possess and, if desired, conceal carry firearms. However, it’s essential to be aware of the state’s open carry laws to avoid any legal issues.

Minnesota Gun Laws Summary

To possess a firearm in Minnesota, individuals must go through the permit-to-carry application process. The permit is issued by the local county sheriff’s department, and the state operates on a “shall-issue” policy, meaning that if all requirements are met, the permit is granted.

The purchase of firearms also requires a permit, and a criminal record check is mandatory when buying from a federally or state-licensed dealer. Private dealers are exempt from this requirement. It’s important to note that possessing a carry permit does not exempt individuals from the background check.

Open Carry Laws in Minnesota

Minnesota is classified as a licensed open-carry state, allowing individuals to open-carry firearms if they have a valid state permit. However, certain restrictions apply. The state prohibits the use of metal bullets and any assault weapons, except for specific authorized individuals such as law enforcement officers and military personnel on duty.

See also  Idaho Open Carry

Quick View of Minnesota’s Open Carry Laws

Law/PolicyLong GunsHandgunsComments
State permit for open carryYesYesOpen carry is allowed if a valid state permit to carry is obtained.
Firearm registrations for open carryNoNoThere are no firearm registration requirements except for certain weapons.
Assault weapon for open carryNoNoThe use of assault weapons for open carry is not permitted.
Magazine limitNoNoNo restrictions on the number of magazine rounds for firearms.
License for the owner of a firearmNot requiredNot requiredMinnesota allows a stand-your-ground policy and no duty to retreat.
Red flag lawNoNoNo red flag laws or protection orders concerning firearms in Minnesota.
Castle doctrine lawYesYesConcealed carry is allowed in vehicles if properly permitted.
Background check for private dealersNoNoPrivate firearm dealers are not obligated to conduct background checks.
PreemptionYesYesFull preemption on gun laws, but local governments can still regulate.
Concealed carry permitYesYesOpen carry is not permitted in schools and educational institutions.
Concealed carry in personal vehicleYesYesConcealed carry is allowed with a valid Minnesota carry permit.
Open carry in schoolsNoNoOpen carry not permitted in schools and educational institutions.

Where is it Legal to Open Carry in Minnesota?

Minnesota allows open carry in various locations, provided individuals possess a valid carry permit. Some of these places include:

  1. Restaurants and bars: Open carry is permitted in restaurants and bars unless a specific prohibition is in place or if the individual is under the influence.
  2. Roadside areas: Open carry is allowed in roadside areas as long as the individual has their carry permit with them.
  3. State forests and parks: Open carry is generally allowed in state parks and forests, except in designated wildlife management areas where firearms are prohibited.
  4. Places of worship: Open carry is permitted in places of worship, such as churches, mosques, and synagogues, unless otherwise posted.
See also  Illinois Open Carry

Where is it Illegal to Open Carry in Minnesota?

Minnesota prohibits open carry in several areas within the state. Some of these prohibited places include:

  1. Schools: Open carry is not allowed in any school facility, including school buses.
  2. Prisons and correctional facilities: Open carry is prohibited in state prisons, jails, detention homes, and similar facilities.
  3. Private buildings and properties: Open carry is not allowed in private buildings that have posted signs prohibiting firearms.
  4. Employment places: Employers can prohibit employees from open carrying at their workplace.
  5. Daycare centers: Open carry is not allowed in daycare centers or facilities caring for children.
  6. Hotels and lodge homes: Some hotels and accommodation centers may prohibit firearms on their premises.
  7. Government-owned properties: Open carry is prohibited on properties owned or leased by the Minnesota government.
  8. Game refuges: Open carry is not allowed in Minnesota game refuges.
  9. Prohibited areas: Open carry is restricted in areas such as the state capitol building, zoological gardens, and other locations prohibited by federal or state law.

Relevant Open Carry Law and Legislature in Minnesota

Apart from open carry regulations, Minnesota has several other firearm-related laws worth noting:

  1. Ammunition Restriction: Minnesota prohibits the use of metal bullets.
  2. No Weapon Post: Disobeying signage that prohibits the possession of firearms in certain locations can lead to misdemeanor charges.
  3. Preemption Laws: Minnesota preempts all gun laws in the state, but local governments can still regulate the use of firearms within their jurisdictions.
  4. Brandishing of Firearms: Handling a firearm recklessly in a way that endangers others can lead to criminal charges, irrespective of whether the firearm is loaded or not.
  5. Possessing Firearms Under the Influence: It is unlawful to handle firearms while under the influence of alcohol, drugs, or any intoxicating substance.
  6. Open Carry While Hunting: Open carry while hunting is allowed as long as the individual has a valid permit.
See also  Pennsylvania Open Carry


Minnesota embraces Second Amendment rights, providing its citizens with the opportunity to exercise their right to bear arms. Open carry is allowed in the state with the proper permit, but certain restrictions and prohibitions apply. Gun owners need to be aware of the laws governing open carry and other related regulations to avoid potential legal consequences.


1- Can I open carry in Minnesota without a permit?

No, open carry in Minnesota requires a valid state permit.

2- Are metal bullets allowed in Minnesota?

No, Minnesota prohibits the use of metal bullets.

3- Can I open carry in a place of worship?

Yes, unless there is a posted prohibition, you can open carry in places of worship.

4- Can I open carry in state parks?

Yes, open carry is generally allowed in state parks, but not in certain wildlife management areas.

5- Can I open carry at my workplace?

It depends on your employer’s policies. Some employers may prohibit open carry on their premises.

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