Minnesota Gun Permit: Laws, Cost, Restrictions, & FAQs
In Minnesota, possessing a firearm requires obtaining a gun permit. This article delves into the process of obtaining a gun license in the state, the different types of permits available, and important laws and regulations surrounding firearms possession. Whether you are a resident or non-resident, understanding the gun laws of Minnesota is crucial before applying for a gun permit.
Minnesota Gun Permit Summary
Minnesota operates as a shall-issue state, granting gun permits through the local county sheriff’s office. To purchase firearms legally, you must have a purchase permit or a Minnesota gun license. The state permits open carry for residents with a gun license and also extends reciprocity to non-residents with valid permits from other states.
How To Get A Gun Permit In Minnesota?
To apply for a gun permit in Minnesota, you must be at least twenty-one years old and have completed a Minnesota firearm training course with a certified instructor. The application process involves filling out the necessary forms and providing essential documents, including your training certificate and a valid Minnesota driver’s license or identification card.
Minnesota Pistol Permit Requirements
Before obtaining a gun permit in Minnesota, applicants must meet specific requirements outlined by state gun laws. These include:
- Being at least twenty-one years old.
- Completing a Minnesota firearm training course and obtaining a certificate.
- Filling out the application form.
- Having no Minnesota court order prohibiting firearm possession.
- Not being listed in a criminal gang investigation system.
- Being a resident of the local county for which you are applying (for non-residents, applications can be made in any county in Minnesota).
- Meeting federal law requirements for the Concealed Carry Weapon (CCW) permit application.
Different Types Of Gun Permits In Minnesota
Minnesota offers several types of gun permits, including:
- State permit to purchase long guns: Minnesota does not issue a state permit specifically for buying long guns.
- State permits to purchase handguns: Minnesota issues a state permit for purchasing handguns.
- State permit to open carry: Minnesota grants permits for open carry.
- State permits to conceal carry long guns: Minnesota does not issue state permits for concealing long weapons.
- State permits to conceal carry handguns: Minnesota issues pistol permits for concealing handguns.
How Much Does It Cost To Get A Gun License In Minnesota?
The initial gun permit application fee in Minnesota is one hundred dollars, while renewal permits cost between seventy-five to eighty-five dollars, depending on the county of residence.
Gun Permits Application And Renewal Law In Minnesota
To apply for a gun permit in Minnesota, follow these steps:
- Complete Firearm Training: A state-approved firearm training course is mandatory for the permit application.
- Download Application: Obtain the application form online or visit your local county sheriff’s office.
- Submit The Necessary Documents: Along with your application, provide your training course certificate and a valid Minnesota driver’s license or identification card.
- Receive Application Notification: You will receive a notification via mail regarding the status of your permit application.
For permit renewals, the process should begin ninety days before the expiration date of your current permit. It can continue up to thirty days after expiry, but after that period, you must apply for a new permit. If you renew within the thirty-day grace period, your current permit will be invalid until you receive the new one.
Gun Permit Reciprocity With Minnesota
Minnesota honors pistol permits from certain other states with similar gun laws. Similarly, some states recognize Minnesota pistol permits, allowing residents to carry firearms while complying with the host state’s rules and regulations.
States That Minnesota Will Accept Their Pistol Permit
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- North Dakota
- Rhode Island
- South Carolina
- South Dakota
- West Virginia
States That Recognize Minnesota Pistol Permit
- North Carolina
- North Dakota
- Puerto Rico
States That Have Restricted Reciprocity With Minnesota
In these states, Minnesota pistol permits are valid only if the applicant meets the specific requirements imposed by the state’s gun laws:
- South Carolina
States That Do Not Accept A Permit
In these states, permitless carry policies are in place, meaning individuals do not require a pistol permit to possess firearms. Many of these states have constitutional carry laws:
- New Hampshire
- South Dakota
- West Virginia
Relevant Gun Permit Laws And Legislature In Minnesota
Possession Of Firearms In Private Vehicles
According to Minnesota gun statutes, individuals with a valid license to carry can possess firearms in privately owned vehicles. If you do not have a Minnesota license to carry, the firearm must be unloaded, locked away in a case, and placed in the trunk of the vehicle.
Possession Of Firearms In Roadside Areas Of The State
Residents with a pistol permit can possess firearms in Minnesota’s roadside areas, while non-residents require a valid permit recognized by Minnesota.
Possession Of Firearms In State Parks, Forests, And Wildlife Management Areas
With a Minnesota pistol permit or a valid permit recognized by the state, individuals can possess firearms in wildlife management areas, except for specific WMA areas. Non-permit holders must keep firearms unloaded in state parks and forests and store them in cases or holsters.
Possession Of Firearms In Restaurants And Bars Areas
Permit holders can conceal carry firearms in restaurants and bars unless prohibited by appropriate signage or if they are under the influence of alcohol (blood-alcohol level above 0.04).
Possession Of Firearms In Hotels
Hotels can refuse accommodation to individuals carrying firearms. Check hotel privacy policies regarding firearms possession before visiting.
Possession Of Firearms In Parking Lots
Minnesota law prohibits employers or landowners from banning firearms locked away in vehicles in parking lots.
Obtaining a gun permit in Minnesota is a necessary step for legal firearm possession. Understanding the state’s gun laws and requirements ensures responsible gun ownership. As a permit holder, it is essential to stay updated on any changes in legislation and reciprocity agreements. Always prioritize safety and responsible use of firearms.
What Is The Minimum Age Requirement To Apply For Minnesota Pistol Permit?
Applicants must be at least twenty-one years old to apply for a Minnesota pistol permit.
Do I need A Permit To Purchase Firearms In Minnesota?
Yes, a valid pistol permit or a purchase permit is required to legally purchase firearms in Minnesota.
Does My Firearm Permit Exempt Me From Completing A Criminal Record Background Check Before Buying Firearms In Minnesota?
No, pistol permit holders must still undergo a criminal record background check before purchasing firearms in Minnesota.
Do I Need A Minnesota Pistol Permit To Possess Firearms In My Private Property?
No, a Minnesota pistol permit or a valid permit from a recognized state is not required to possess or conceal carry firearms in your residence, private buildings, or personal business premises.
Do I Need To Complete A Firearm Training Before Applying For A Minnesota Pistol Permit?
Yes, applicants must complete a state-approved firearm training course conducted by a certified instructor before applying for a pistol permit in Minnesota.