Vermont Concealed Carry Weapon (CCW): Gun Laws, Application, Requirements & Online Training
Vermont stands out as the only state in America that does not issue a permit for concealed carry, making it a “does-not-issue” state. In this article, we will explore the intricacies of Vermont’s unique gun laws, focusing on concealed carry regulations, locations where carrying is permitted or restricted, reciprocity with other states, and other important aspects every responsible gun owner should know.
Vermont Gun Laws: No Permit Required
Vermont stands apart from all other states in the United States by adopting a permitless carry policy. Unlike most states that require a concealed carry permit for legal firearm possession, Vermont residents and non-residents over the age of sixteen can generally possess a firearm and carry it concealed without obtaining a permit.
Purchase of Firearms in Vermont
Vermont residents can buy firearms only through a licensed dealer within the state. The only exception to this is the transfer of firearms between family members.
Requirements for Buyers Under 21
If you are under twenty-one years old, there are certain requirements you must meet before completing a firearm purchase in Vermont. These requirements include completing a hunter course in the state or being a member of the military or a law enforcement agency, either active or retired.
Concealed Carry and Age Limit
Any individual above the age of sixteen can carry a concealed firearm in Vermont, making it accessible to a broader range of responsible gun owners.
Vermont CCW Permit Reciprocity
As Vermont does not issue a CCW permit, residents cannot carry concealed in other states of the USA that require such permits. However, there are some nuances to consider.
States Accepting Vermont’s CCW Permit
Vermont’s permitless carry policy means there is no specific permit for other states to recognize. However, non-residents can carry concealed in Vermont as long as they meet the age requirement of eighteen.
States with Permitless Carry
Certain states also follow permitless carry policies, and individuals from these states can carry concealed in Vermont without a CCW permit. There are thirteen such states.
It is essential to note that even states with permitless carry have their own laws and regulations regarding the possession and handling of firearms, which should be followed at all times.
Location Restrictions for Firearms Possession
While Vermont allows permitless carry, there are some places within the state where concealed carry is prohibited.
Places Where Concealed Carry is Prohibited
- Preteen schools, elementary schools, or high schools, including school buildings, buses, or vehicles used to convey students.
- Mud Creek Hunting controlled area, Alburg.
- Properties used for residential treatment.
- Private properties without seeking permission from those in charge.
- Game reserves areas of the state.
- Courthouses, offices within court premises, and during court proceedings.
- Any state building or state-owned institution.
- Places restricted by federal law of the USA.
Places Where Concealed Carry is Allowed
- Restaurants and bars, unless restricted by posted signage.
- Personal cars (private vehicles).
- State/National parks and forests, as well as wildlife management areas.
- Places of worship such as mosques, churches, and synagogues (unless restricted by private property owners).
- Hotels (subject to the hotel’s individual policies).
Concealed Carry for Law Enforcement Officers in Vermont
According to the United States Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act (LEOSA), active, out-of-service, and retired law enforcement officers can carry concealed in any jurisdiction of the country without limitations imposed by state gun laws.
However, Vermont law enforcement agencies will be responsible for qualifying their retired officers for concealed carry within the state. Only retired officers who complete the qualification process under LEOSA can carry without location restrictions in Vermont.
Buying and Selling Firearms in Vermont
Vermont’s gun laws include regulations and requirements related to the purchase, sale, transportation, possession, and transfer of firearms within the state.
Purchase Permits and Handgun Registration in Vermont
Vermont does not have purchase permit requirements or handgun registration policies. Additionally, there is no firearm roster for accepted guns in the state.
Criminal Record Background Check in Vermont
Before buying a firearm in Vermont, individuals must undergo a criminal record background check through a licensed seller. However, there are exemptions to this law, including transfers between family members and transfers to prevent potential danger.
Waiting Period for Firearm Purchase in Vermont
Vermont does not have a waiting period for firearm purchases. Once the background check is complete, individuals can purchase firearms immediately.
Age Requirement for Firearm Possession in Vermont
To possess a firearm in Vermont, individuals must be at least sixteen years old. It is crucial to note that anyone under sixteen cannot possess a firearm without consent from parents or guardians.
Possession of Firearms on Private Properties
Vermont allows firearm possession in one’s home of residence, place of business, or any other property that the individual owns by lease or rent.
Castle Doctrine Law in Vermont
While Vermont does not have a specific “castle doctrine” law, the state court favors the no duty to retreat policy for attacks in dwelling places. This means that individuals have the right to defend themselves, their family, or anyone they are responsible for in their dwelling place without the obligation to retreat.
However, this right does not apply to situations where individuals deliberately aim and shoot at others, except in self-defense or while carrying out a duty as a law enforcement officer.
Concealed Carry While Hunting in Vermont
Vermont’s gun laws accommodate hunting practices, allowing individuals to conceal carry while hunting with some exceptions.
Concealed Carry During Hunting in Vermont
Concealed carry is generally permitted during hunting in Vermont, except for turkey and muzzle hunting.
Concealed Carry While Bow Hunting in Vermont
Licensed archers can carry concealed while bow hunting in Vermont. However, the firearm must not be used to take down game and should be carried solely for self-protection.
Hunter Harassment Law in Vermont
Vermont prohibits anyone from deliberately interfering with or disturbing hunting activities, fishing, or wildlife. This law includes tampering with equipment, hindering hunting activities, and disturbing natural habitats of fishes and wildlife.
Additional Gun Laws for CCW in Vermont
Apart from the core gun laws, there are several additional regulations related to concealed carry in Vermont.
Notifying Law Enforcement Officer About Firearm Possession
Vermont does not require individuals to notify law enforcement officers about possessing a firearm or carrying concealed.
Handgun Magazine Restriction
Vermont restricts firearm magazines to a maximum capacity of fifteen rounds. Since 2018, the state legislature has prohibited the manufacturing, importation, buying, and selling of high-capacity ammunition for firearms.
Exceptions to this restriction include firearms for law enforcement officers, government officials, and guns used in shooting competitions.
Laws for Signage Prohibiting Possession of Firearm
Private building owners in Vermont can use signage to restrict firearm possession within their buildings. Anyone who fails to respect such signage or seeks permission from the property owner can face imprisonment or fines.
Local Laws for Concealed Carry Permit in Vermont
While the state government oversees concealed carry regulations, municipalities and counties may impose further restrictions on firearm handling within their territories.
Brandishing of Firearms in Vermont
Vermont does not have a specific state law regarding the brandishing of firearms. However, deliberately pointing or aiming a firearm at someone without justification may lead to criminal charges, except in self-defense or law enforcement duties.
Red Flag Law in Vermont
Vermont has a red flag law that allows a court of law to issue a restriction on firearm possession for anyone perceived as dangerous or in need of protection. Such individuals cannot buy, sell, possess, or own firearms or any other concealed carry weapons in the state.
Concealed Carry Under the Influence of Alcohol
While Vermont does not have a specific law about carrying a firearm in an intoxicated state, responsible gun owners should refrain from handling firearms while under the influence of alcohol or any other intoxicating substances.
Firearm Training in Vermont
Although Vermont does not have CCW permit requirements, it is highly recommended that gun owners undergo proper firearm training for responsible handling. While there are no specific training requirements mandated by the state, online training is available for individuals seeking to enhance their knowledge and skills.
Vermont’s unique stance on concealed carry sets it apart from other states, offering more flexibility for responsible gun owners. Understanding the specific laws and regulations is crucial for ensuring safe and lawful firearm possession in the Green Mountain State. Remember always to follow the laws, respect location restrictions, and prioritize safety while exercising your rights as a gun owner.
Vermont Concealed Carry FAQ
Here are some frequently asked questions related to concealed carry in Vermont:
Is It Legal to Conceal Carry a Knife in Vermont?
Yes, as long as the knife is not intended for criminal activity, you can legally conceal carry a knife in Vermont.
How Can I Apply for Vermont CCW Permit Application?
Vermont does not issue CCW permits; hence, there is no formal application process.
Can I Conceal Carry in Roadside Areas of Vermont?
Yes, concealed carry is allowed in roadside areas of Vermont.