Ohio Constitutional Carry

Ohio Constitutional Carry

In the United States, gun laws can vary significantly from one state to another, and Ohio is no exception. If you’re interested in firearms ownership or concealed carry within the state of Ohio, it’s crucial to be aware of the specific regulations and requirements. Let’s delve into the details to ensure you have a comprehensive understanding of Ohio’s gun laws.

Introduction to Ohio’s Firearm Regulations

Ohio, unlike some other states, is not a constitutional carry state. This means that permitless carry within the state is illegal. Instead, Ohio operates as a shall-issue state for the application of firearms. This implies that as long as you meet the requirements set forth by Ohio’s gun laws, you can apply for a gun license.

Firearm Purchases in Ohio

If you’re purchasing firearms from a private dealer within Ohio or at gun shows, you won’t need a gun license. Additionally, you won’t be required to undergo a criminal background check or register the firearm. This exemption only applies to private transactions and not to licensed firearm dealers.

Possession of Firearms in Ohio

Open carry of firearms within Ohio is generally allowed without a gun license. However, there are specific restrictions on where you can openly carry firearms in the state. On the other hand, if you possess a gun license issued by Ohio, you can legally conceal carry within the state. It’s important to note that Ohio gun licenses are exclusive to residents of the state. Nonresidents can possess firearms if they hold a valid gun permit.

Eligibility and Requirements for an Ohio Gun License

To be eligible for an Ohio gun license, you must be at least 21 years old and complete a state-approved firearm training program that lasts for 8 hours. This training covers essential aspects of responsible firearm ownership and usage. Active military personnel are an exception to this requirement; they are exempt from paying a registration fee and don’t need to demonstrate their firearm expertise.

See also  Ohio Gun Laws

Applying for an Ohio Gun License

The process of applying for an Ohio gun license involves several steps overseen by the local sheriff of the county of residence. If you live in an area without a county, you would need to visit the closest sheriff’s office. The application requires completion of a form, payment of the application fee, submission of a colored passport photo, fingerprints, and a certificate from an approved firearm trainer attesting to your successful completion of the firearm training course.

Additionally, applicants are required to demonstrate their understanding of the state peace commission’s guidelines regarding the use of dangerous weapons and deadly force. Nonresidents who work within Ohio can also apply for a gun license, and the license remains valid even if they stop working in the state.

Ohio’s Concealed Carry Laws

Ohio law prohibits concealed carry in certain locations, including buildings used for childcare, educational institutions, law enforcement offices, courthouses, capitol buildings, prisons, airport terminals, and places designated for the treatment of individuals with mental disabilities. However, if you possess a valid permit, you may carry concealed firearms in places of worship with permission, in your private vehicle, and within state government buildings with authorization.

Renewal and Temporary Licenses

Ohio gun licenses are valid for five years, after which they must be renewed. The renewal process mirrors the initial application, but applicants are not required to demonstrate firearm proficiency again. In special cases, Ohio also issues temporary licenses that last for three months. These temporary licenses are subject to the same regulations and restrictions as regular licenses.

See also  Ohio Concealed Carry Weapon (CCW)

Ohio constitutional carry rules and regulations

  • Legalizes concealed carry of handguns for adults 21 and over without a permit.
  • Does not allow open carry without a permit – a valid concealed carry license is still required.
  • Concealed carry is still prohibited in certain designated areas per Ohio law.
  • Does not change background check requirements for purchasing firearms from licensed dealers.
  • To qualify for constitutional carry, one must be legally eligible to own guns in Ohio, and cannot be a fugitive or prohibited possessor.
  • Permit still required to carry concealed in other states with reciprocity agreements with Ohio.
  • Local governments can’t regulate the possession, ownership, or purchase of guns, or ammunition.
  • Businesses can still ban concealed firearms on their premises by posting signage.
  • No training or safety course is required for permit-less concealed carry.

Understanding Eligibility Requirements

To be eligible for an Ohio concealed carry permit, you must meet several requirements, including being at least 21 years old, residing in Ohio for a specified period, completing firearm training, and having no criminal record or other disqualifications. Ohio’s concealed carry laws also apply to non-residents who work within the state.


Ohio’s gun laws are comprehensive and specific, designed to ensure responsible firearm ownership and usage. Whether you’re a resident seeking to obtain a gun license or a nonresident working in Ohio, understanding these laws is essential to navigating the legal landscape surrounding firearms. By adhering to these regulations, you can enjoy the privileges of firearm ownership while maintaining the safety of yourself and others.


Can I carry a firearm without a license in Ohio?

See also  Ohio Hunting

No, Ohio does not allow permitless carry. A valid gun license is required for concealed carry.

What is the minimum age to apply for an Ohio gun license?

The minimum age for an Ohio gun license is 21 years old.

Are nonresidents eligible for an Ohio gun license?

Nonresidents can apply for an Ohio gun license if they meet certain requirements, including working within the state.

Do I need to complete firearm training for an Ohio gun license renewal?

No, firearm proficiency is not required for permit renewal in Ohio.

Are there places in Ohio where concealed carry is prohibited?

Yes, concealed carry is prohibited in specific locations such as educational institutions, law enforcement offices, and government buildings.

Is Ohio a constitutional carry state now?

Yes, as of June 2022, Ohio has enacted a law allowing for permitless concealed carry, commonly called constitutional carry. This allows lawful gun owners aged 21+ to carry concealed handguns without a permit.

Can you constitutional carry in Ohio?

As of June 2022, Ohio residents 21 and older who are legally eligible to own firearms can now carry concealed handguns without a permit under the state’s new constitutional carry law. Restrictions still apply where concealed carry is prohibited.

What does constitutional carry mean in Ohio?

Ohio’s constitutional carry law means eligible adults 21+ can now legally carry concealed firearms without needing to obtain a permit or complete safety training. However, permits are still required for open carry, and background checks are still needed to purchase handguns in Ohio.

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