Gun laws in alaska 2024

Alaska has very permissive gun laws compared to most other U.S. states It was the first state to adopt “Alaska carry” laws, modeled after Vermont’s laws:

Gun laws in alaska 2024

  • No license required for open or concealed carry of handguns
  • Permits still issued to residents for reciprocity with other states
  • Permits exempt holders from Federal Gun Free School Zone Act

“Alaska carry” differs from “Vermont carry” or “Constitutional carry” in that permits are issued but not required State preemption statute invalidates city ordinances restricting concealed carry without a license Carrying prohibited in:

  • Schools
  • Domestic violence shelters
  • Courts
  • Correctional institutions
  • Places serving alcohol for on-site consumption (except restaurants)

Legal requirements when carrying:

  • Must inform police officers if carrying concealed
  • Must cooperate if officer temporarily seizes the weapon
  • Possession while intoxicated is illegal

Alaska Firearms Freedom Act (2010):

  • Declared certain firearms and accessories exempt from federal regulation
  • Made it unlawful to use state assets to enforce federal gun laws

HB 69 (2013) amended and expanded the Alaska Firearms Freedom Act

Explore handgun laws in alaska

  1. Permitless Carry (“Alaska Carry”): Alaska was one of the first states to adopt permitless carry, often called “Constitutional Carry.” This means that any person who can legally possess a firearm may carry it concealed without a permit. However, Alaska still issues permits for those who want them, primarily for reciprocity with other states. This system is sometimes called “Alaska Carry” to distinguish it from states that don’t issue permits at all.
  2. State Preemption: Alaska has a strong state preemption law (AS 29.35.145). This means that local governments (cities, counties) cannot enact their own firearms regulations that are more restrictive than state law. This ensures consistency across the state and prevents a patchwork of varying local gun laws.
  3. Stand Your Ground and Castle Doctrine: Alaska’s self-defense laws (AS 11.81.330) are quite robust. The state follows both the Castle Doctrine and Stand Your Ground principles. This means that individuals have no duty to retreat before using force in self-defense, whether in their home or in public. The law allows for the use of deadly force if a person reasonably believes it’s necessary to prevent death, serious physical injury, kidnapping, sexual assault, sexual abuse of a minor, or robbery.
  4. NFA Weapons: While federal laws still apply, Alaska doesn’t impose additional restrictions on NFA (National Firearms Act) items like suppressors, short-barreled rifles, or machine guns. This is more permissive than many other states.
  5. Duty to Inform: Alaska has a duty to inform law (AS 11.61.220(a)(1)(A)(i)). This means that if a person is carrying a concealed weapon and is contacted by a peace officer, they must immediately inform the officer that they are carrying a concealed weapon.
  6. Shall Certify: Alaska’s “shall certify” law (AS 18.65.810) requires that certification for NFA items be provided within 30 days. This is important for individuals wanting to acquire items regulated by the National Firearms Act, as it prevents indefinite delays in the certification process.
  7. Age Restrictions: While not explicitly stated in the provided information, it’s worth noting that Alaska follows federal age restrictions. This means individuals must be 18 to purchase long guns and 21 to purchase handguns from licensed dealers.
  8. Absence of Certain Restrictions: It’s notable that Alaska lacks many restrictions common in other states, such as assault weapon bans, magazine capacity limits, waiting periods, or universal background check requirements for private sales.
See also  Alaska Open Carry

Gun control in Alaska

A person may possess a firearm in Alaska if they are 16 years of age or older. To possess a firearm, a person under the age of sixteen needs permission from a parent or legal guardian. The minimum age requirement to apply for a concealed handgun permit is 21 years old.

Federal restrictions

  1. Federal Facilities:
    • Firearms prohibited in buildings owned or leased by the Federal Government
    • Applies where Federal employees regularly perform official duties
  2. School Zones:
    • Generally prohibited, with specific exceptions: • On private property not part of school grounds • Unloaded and locked in a vehicle • For approved school programs • By law enforcement officers • While traversing to access hunting areas (if authorized)
  3. Airports and Aircraft:
    • Prohibited in sterile areas of airline terminals
    • Prohibited aboard or while attempting to board aircraft
  4. Specific National Park Areas in Alaska:
    • Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park
    • Sitka National Historical Park
    • Denali National Park and Preserve
    • Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve
    • Katmai National Park and Preserve

These federal restrictions apply in Alaska regardless of the state’s permissive gun laws. It’s crucial for gun owners in Alaska to be aware of these federal limitations, especially when visiting federal properties, schools, airports, or the specified national parks.

Gun control in alaska

state-level limitations that exist even within Alaska’s

  1. Schools (K-12):
    • Prohibited on school grounds, parking lots, and buses
    • Exception: With permission from the chief administrative officer
  2. Establishments serving alcohol:
    • Prohibited where intoxicating liquor is sold for on-premises consumption
    • Exception: Restaurants, if the carrier doesn’t consume alcohol
  3. Child care and assisted living facilities:
    • Prohibited in licensed facilities, unless it’s a private residence
  4. Courts and courthouses:
    • Prohibited in courtrooms, court offices, and courthouses occupied only by the Alaska Court System and justice-related agencies
  5. Domestic violence and sexual assault shelters:
    • Prohibited in state-funded shelters
  6. Private residences:
    • Prohibited without express permission from an adult resident
See also  Alaska Concealed Carry Weapon (CCW)

Declare the Guns

Additionally, the law requires permit holders to:

  • Immediately inform peace officers of concealed carry during any contact
  • Allow the officer to secure the weapon or secure it themselves for the duration of the contact

These restrictions demonstrate that even in a state with very permissive gun laws, there are still important limitations designed to address public safety concerns in sensitive locations. It’s crucial for permit holders to be aware of and respect these restrictions to maintain compliance with state law.

Gun laws for felons in alaska

In Alaska, individuals convicted of a felony can have their right to bear arms restored through three different methods:

  1. Pardon:
    • A pardon from the appropriate authority can restore gun rights.
  2. Conviction Set Aside:
    • If the underlying conviction is set aside under Alaska Statute 12.55.085, gun rights are restored.
    • This typically involves successfully completing probation and meeting other court-specified conditions.
  3. Passage of Time:
    • Gun rights are automatically restored 10 years after an unconditional discharge from a felony conviction.
    • “Unconditional discharge” generally means completing all terms of the sentence, including probation or parole.

This law reflects Alaska’s relatively lenient approach to gun rights restoration compared to many other states. It provides multiple pathways for individuals who have served their sentences to regain their Second Amendment rights.

Key points to consider:

  • This restoration applies to state law; federal prohibitions may still apply.
  • The automatic restoration after 10 years is particularly notable, as it doesn’t require any specific action by the individual.
  • The “set aside” provision allows for potentially faster restoration if an individual successfully completes probation.
See also  Alaska Hunting

This law aligns with Alaska’s overall permissive stance on gun rights while still maintaining some restrictions based on criminal history. It’s an important consideration for individuals with past felony convictions who wish to exercise their right to bear arms in Alaska.

Alaska gun laws in car

Permitless Concealed Carry:

  • Alaska Statute 11.61.220 allows permitless concealed carry for anyone 21 or older who can legally possess a firearm.

Prohibited Locations:

  • Carrying firearms is prohibited in: • Courthouses • School yards • Bars • Domestic violence shelters

Vehicle Transportation:

  • Firearms in vehicles must be either: • In plain sight, or • If concealed, out of reach of vehicle occupants

Safety Recommendation:

  • It’s advised that firearms being transported to or from the field should always be unloaded.

Park Restrictions:

  • There are firearm restrictions in certain state and national park units.
  • For current information, contacting Alaska Public Lands Information Centers is recommended.

Air Travel:

  • When traveling by air, it’s important to check TSA’s regulations on transporting firearms and ammunition.

can you carry a loaded gun in your car in alaska?

In Alaska, a loaded handgun may be carried openly or concealed in an automobile by anybody who is at least 21 years old and is allowed to own a firearm. If a law enforcement officer stops you for any official purpose, you have an obligation to disclose that you are carrying a handgun.

Explore Conclead Carry Laws in Alaska & Hunting Laws in Alaska.

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